Autumn is over, we are entering the coldest period of the year. Are your plants prepared?
We have already told you in a previous article how to prepare the lawn for winter. But the rest of your plants will also need some care. And among them, one of the most important tasks is pruning.
In this article we are tell you everything you need to know about autumn pruning.
Why shall we prune in autumn?
Autumn pruning is done for health care purposes.
After summer, it is usual to find dead or diseased branches, dried leaves and flowers. Heat and lack of irrigation are the most common reasons.
Dead leaves do not do photosynthesis, but they steal energy from the plant.
Why do we perform this pruning? Because to resist the cold, the plant needs to be in perfect health conditions.
By removing the diseased parts, it allows the plant to concentrate its energies and get through the winter in better conditions. In this way, when spring arrives it will rebound more strongly.
Guidelines for autumn pruning
The objective of this pruning is to improve the health of our plants. And for that, there are a number of guidelines that we must follow.
- Before the leaves fall: We shall prune at the end of autumn, but before the plants go dormant. In the case of deciduous trees, it is important to do it before they begin to lose their leaves. We will give the plant enough time to recover from pruning before the cold arrives.
- The pruning, only for cleaning purposes: In general, autumn pruning is done for cleaning and health care purposes. That is why we will focus on eliminating dry and sick branches. A cut that is too aggressive could weaken the plant.
- The tools, sharp and disinfected: Before starting pruning, we must sharpen the tools we are going to use. In this way we will get clean cuts, which heal faster.
By pruning several different plants, there is a risk that a diseased specimen infect the others. To avoid this, when moving from one plant to another we shall disinfect the tools.
- Avoid pruning after raining: The humidity of autumn is a breeding ground for the appearance of fungi such as oidium. If moisture seeps into the cut, our plants are likely to end up getting sick. Therefore, if it has rained recently it is better to postpone pruning.
- Use healing paste: When pruning, we are causing a wound in the plant. The best way to help it recover quickly and avoid the appearance of fungi is to use a healing paste.
What tools do we use in autumn pruning?
Depending on the plants you have in your garden you will need some tools or others.
- Pruning shears: They will be useful for general cuts (small branches, dried flowers ...). You can use one hand or two hand shears.
- Pole pruning shears: It allows cutting the branches of the tallest trees without stairs.
- Saws: To cut the thickest branches of trees and shrubs. Some models can be used in a pole to reach high branches.
- Hedge trimmer: The most comfortable way to shape hedges.
What plants are pruned in autumn?
These are the species that benefit most from pruning before winter:
- Hedges, trees and deciduous shrubs
- Fruit trees
- Annual plants
- Climbing plants
- Aromatic plants that bloom in summer
Do you usually prune your plants in autumn? Tell us below.