Olive tree. Olea europea.

The Olea europaea or olive tree is a robust, very long-lived and evergreen tree that produces a fruit called olive or olive. Very ornamental in gardening.
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The Olea europaea, commonly known as the olive tree, is an emblematic tree of the Oleaceae family that has been a fundamental component of Mediterranean culture since the dawn of civilization. Rich in symbolism, this tree represents values such as abundance, light, peace, prosperity, and joy in our region.


The olive tree has a rich and deep history in Mediterranean culture. Its presence dates back to antiquity, and its oil, the "liquid gold," has been valued for both its flavor and its health-benefiting properties. From ancient civilizations to the present day, the olive tree has played a crucial role in the gastronomy and daily life of the Mediterranean region.


The olive tree is sturdy and long-lived, thriving well in arid and less fertile terrains. However, to maximize its production, providing adequate levels of fertilization and irrigation is essential. Pruning should be done in spring, once the cold weather has passed. During this season, damaged, broken, or unshapely branches should be removed. Additionally, clearing the tree of branches hindering aeration is crucial to prevent potential pests and diseases.


It's crucial to avoid waterlogging the soil around the olive tree to prevent diseases. Controlled irrigation adapted to local conditions is essential, avoiding the soil from remaining constantly wet.

Temperature and Climate Adaptation:

The olive tree is resilient and adapts well to Mediterranean climates but can survive in various climatic conditions. However, it's most productive in warm and sunny climates.


Providing the right nutrients through fertilization is crucial for the healthy growth of the olive tree. Specific fertilization guidelines should be followed based on soil needs and local conditions.

Uses and Olive Varieties:

The fruit of the olive tree, the olive, comes in various varieties in our country, each with its distinct flavor and texture. Some main varieties include "Picual," "Cornicabra," "Hojiblanca," "Lechín de Sevilla," "Arbequina," and "Picudo." These olives are used to produce high-quality extra virgin olive oil, a key ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine.

Discover the olive tree's legacy and its importance in Mediterranean culture at Viveros González. Explore our olive varieties and learn to care for this iconic tree that has endured through the centuries.


Data sheet

Olea Europaea
Mediterranean area
Up to 10 m
Green and grey leaves, white flowers
Moderated, without flooding
Can resist cold
Al tratarse de planta viva y dependiendo de la temporada, la planta puede ser recibida, en algunos casos, no exactamente igual que en la fotografía, aunque sí lo más parecida posible. Sin que ello repercuta en la calidad de la misma.

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