Olive tree. Olea europea. C24

The Olea europaea or olive tree is a robust, very long-lived and evergreen tree that produces a fruit called olive or olive. Very ornamental in gardening.
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Description: Olea europaea, commonly known as the olive tree, is an emblematic member of the oleaceae family that has been a fundamental component of Mediterranean culture since the dawn of civilization. This tree, rich in symbolism, represents values such as plenitude, light, peace, prosperity, and joy in our region.

History: The olive tree has a rich and deep history in Mediterranean culture. Its presence dates back to antiquity, and its oil, often referred to as "liquid gold," has been prized both for its flavor and its beneficial health properties. From the times of ancient civilizations to the present day, the olive tree has played a crucial role in the gastronomy and daily life of the Mediterranean region.

Care: The olive tree is a robust and long-lived tree that thrives in arid and infertile soils. However, to maximize its production, it is essential to provide the right levels of fertilization and watering. Pruning should be done in spring, once the cold has passed. During this season, damaged, broken branches, or those that do not contribute to a proportional shape should be removed. Additionally, it is crucial to clear the olive tree of branches that hinder proper ventilation, which, in turn, helps prevent potential pests and diseases.

Watering: It is fundamental to avoid waterlogging the soil around the olive tree to prevent diseases. Irrigation should be controlled and adapted to local conditions, avoiding the soil from remaining constantly moist.

Temperature and Adaptation to Climate: The olive tree is resistant and adapts well to Mediterranean climates but can survive in various climate conditions. However, it is more productive in warm and sunny climates.

Fertilization: Providing the right nutrients through fertilization is essential for the healthy growth of the olive tree. It is recommended to follow specific fertilization guidelines based on soil needs and local conditions.

Uses and Olive Varieties: The fruit of the olive tree, the olive, comes in various varieties in our country, each with its distinctive flavor and texture. Some of the main varieties include "Picual," "Cornicabra," "Hojiblanca," "Lechín de Sevilla," "Arbequina," and "Picudo." These olives are used to produce high-quality extra virgin olive oil, a key ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine.

Discover the legacy of the olive tree and its importance in Mediterranean culture at Viveros González. Explore our olive varieties and learn how to care for this iconic tree that has endured through the centuries.


Data sheet

Olea Europaea
Mediterranean area
Up to 10 m
Green and grey leaves, white flowers
Moderated, without flooding
Can resist cold
Al tratarse de planta viva y dependiendo de la temporada, la planta puede ser recibida, en algunos casos, no exactamente igual que en la fotografía, aunque sí lo más parecida posible. Sin que ello repercuta en la calidad de la misma.

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